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Tolkien fans rejoice! The ‘Eye of Sauron’ now is not just fiction – it will light up the skyline of Moscow-City to ominously watch down on the Russian capital as the latest “Hobbit” movie premiers in Russia on Thursday night.
Fans of the British fiction novelist J. R. R. Tolkien will re-create the Eye of the Dark Lord Sauron from the “Lord of the Rings” trilogy on Wednesday night, according to The Hollywood Reporter Russia.
The creators from a Russian art-group ‘Svechenie’ dreamed up this wild installation as a tribute to the great saga and its film adaptation.
They said that the installation of a real life Eye of the Dark Lord of Mordor will “let millions of fans visit Middle-earth” – the fictional world where the adventures of the trilogy take place.
В небе над Москвой появится Око Саурона из романа и серии одноименных фильмов "Властелин Колец". Классненько #Хоббит pic.twitter.com/4m6xDZevNe
— ?ALWAYS?| ID|OUAT (@lumos__maxima_) December 8, 2014
The light installation of the perilous Eye engulfed in flames will be set up on the roof of the “IQ-quarter” complex at the Gals-development company in Moscow International Business Center "Moscow-City".
In Tolkien’s saga the lidless Eye was the symbol of power and fear though which the Dark Lord Sauron was able to exert his will over Middle-earth. It was stationed atop the Barad-dur tower – the fortress from which Sauron watched over the world. The All Seeing Eye is an allusion to mass surveillance and control.
The epic fantasy adventure films based on Tolkien’s novel were directed by Peter Jackson. The first part of the trilogy - The Fellowship of the Ring - was released in 2001. Following the global success Jackson filmed Tolkien’s prequel novel “The Hobbit. Or There and Back Again.” The movie series features three parts, the last of which was released in December.
Sauron (or ?auron ; Quenya ; IPA. [?sa?ron] or Vanyarin ; IPA. [??a?ron] - "The Abhorred"), the eponymous Lord of the Rings. was a fallen Maia. the creator of the One Ring. and the most trusted lieutenant of his master Melkor (Morgoth, the first Dark Lord). After Melkor's defeat in the First Age. Sauron became the second Dark Lord and strove to conquer Arda (Middle-earth), creating the Rings of Power for this purpose. In the Second Age. he was defeated in the War of the Last Alliance by the last line of defense: Elves and Men under kings Gil-galad and Elendil.
During that battle, Isildur managed to cut off Sauron's finger with the Ring on it, causing the destruction of his corporeal form and scattering his armies. After spending hundreds of years lying dormant and slowly regaining his strength, Sauron returned to power in the Third Age. but was finally defeated in the War of the Ring through the destruction of the One Ring by Frodo Baggins.
Sauron during the First Age
Sauron was originally a Maia of Aule the Smith, named Mairon. meaning "the admirable", and learned much from him in the ways of forging and crafting, becoming a great craftsman, and mighty in the lore of Aule's people.  Although he was a Maia spirit, and not as mighty as the Valar, Mairon was one of the most powerful Maiar, being far stronger than others such as Olorin and Curumo (who was also a servant of Aule). [ Source? ]
During this time, Mairon was as Eru had created him: good and uncorrupt. His greatest virtue was his love of order and perfection, disliking anything wasteful. However, this would also prove to be the source of his fall, for in the Dark Lord Morgoth. Mairon saw the will and power that would help him achieve his own goals and desires faster than if he had pursed them on his own. So great was his allegiance that even in later days, after Morgoth was defeated and locked outside the confines of the world, Sauron encouraged and coerced some Men to worship Morgoth as the one and true god. However, while Morgoth wanted to either control or destroy the very matter of Arda itself, Mairon's desire was to dominate the minds and wills of its creatures.
Morgoth and Sauron, by Eric Faure-Brac
After allying himself with Morgoth, Mairon maintained his appearance of being faithful to the Valar, but secretly fed Morgoth information about their dealings. It was only when Morgoth established his strongholds in Middle-Earth that Sauron left the Blessed Realms and openly declared his allegiance, and ever after remained a foe of the Valar and the Free Peoples of Middle Earth. [ Source? ] The Sindar in Beleriand called him Gorthaur. meaning "dread abomination",  and to the Noldor. he was named Sauron. meaning "the abhorred" or "the abominable" (a mockery of his original name). At first, he was a spy for Morgoth, telling him of the Valar's doings. [ Source? ]
During the First Age. the Noldorin Elves left the Blessed Realm of Valinor in the Utter West (against the counsel of the Valar) in order to wage war on Morgoth, who had stolen the Silmarils of Feanor. enchanted gems that glowed with light from the now-destroyed Trees of Valinor. In that war, Sauron was counted as the "greatest of [Morgoth's] servants that have names". He was soon feared as a lord of terrible phantoms and dreadful beasts--a shape shifter, sorcerer, and a cunning servant of his dark master.
Before Melkor's captivity, Sauron commanded the fortress of Angband and served as Melkor's lieutenant. When the Vala Tulkas came and captured Melkor, Sauron had already fled and was not found. 
When Morgoth left Angband to corrupt the newly awakened Atani (Men), Sauron directed the war against the Elves.  He conquered the Elvish isle of Tol Sirion. so that it became known as Tol-in-Gaurhoth . the Isle of Werewolves.  He was the Lord of the Werewolves there, and Draugluin was the sire of the Werewolves. His herald was the vampire Thuringwethil.
After Dagor Bragollach. Sauron's hunters brought Gorlim and questioned him of Barahir 's, father of Beren. location. Gorlim told them none, until Sauron himself came forth and bartered with the man. Gorlim asked for his wife Eilinel. whom he thought captured. Thus, Sauron agreed and Gorlim yielded the information. However, Sauron revealed that Eilinel was dead, and he put Gorlim to death afterward. During the Quest for the Silmaril. Beren and Finrod King of Nargothrond were captured by Sauron. There Finrod and Sauron fought songs of power. He stripped them off their Orc disguises and cast them into the dark pits where werewolves devoured their companions. When a werewolf came to attack Beren, Finrod wrestled with it and passed away from his injuries.
Huan subdues Sauron.
Soon afterward, Luthien and Huan the wolf-hound arrived at the bridge of Tol-in-Gaurhoth. Sauron sent wolves to capture Luthien, but all were slain by Huan. One of them was Draugluin, but he fled and told his master that Huan was there. Therefore, Sauron disguised himself as a werewolf and leaped to attack Luthien. Huan sprang and subdued Sauron. He yielded the tower to Luthien and escaped in a form of a vampire. 
After his defeat by Luthien, Sauron played little part in the events of the First Age (possibly hiding from Morgoth's wrath), and after his master was defeated and taken to Valinor in chains, Sauron seemed to repent and plead to Eonwe and the victorious Host of the West for mercy. Although his plea was probably genuine, Sauron was unwilling to return to the Utter West for judgment, and so he fled and hid somewhere in Middle-earth. Second Age Forging of the One Ring
After lying hidden and dormant for 500 years. he began revealing himself once more, and by SA 1000 he gathered his power and established himself in the land of Mordor in eastern Middle-earth and began building the dreaded Dark Tower of Barad-dur near Mount Doom. Sauron, like Morgoth, soon began raising massive armies of Orcs. Trolls. and possibly other creatures, as well as corrupting the hearts of Men with delusions of power and wealth, chiefly Easterlings and Southrons (the Haradrim).
Although Sauron knew that men were easier to sway, he sought to bring the Elves into his service, as they were far more powerful. By about SA 1500. Sauron put on a fair visage in the Second Age. and calling himself Annatar. the "Lord of Gifts", he befriended the Elvish smiths of Eregion. and counseled them in arts and magic. Not all the Elves trusted him, particularly Lady Galadriel. Elrond, and Gil-galad. High King of the Noldor.
The One Ring worn by Sauron
To the elves who listened, Sauron gave knowledge and encouragement in forging the Rings of Power. though in secret Sauron forged his own, the One Ring. to rule the Elvish rings. Upon that ring Sauron left the inscription, Ash nazg durbatuluk, ash nazg gimbatul, ash nazg thrakatuluk, agh burzum-ishi krimpatul. In Westron the inscription translated into:One Ring to Rule Them All, One Ring to Find Them, One Ring to Bring Them All, and in the Darkness Bind Them.
However, as soon as Sauron put the Ring on his finger the Elves sensed his treachery, and removed their rings and hid them. Enraged, Sauron came against them in open war and demanded that all the Rings of Power be given to him. The Elves managed to hide the three greatest of the Rings from him, but the other sixteen Rings of Power were either captured by Sauron, destroyed, or lost. To the Dwarves he had given seven, but to Men he had given Nine, knowing that they would be the easiest to enslave. The Dwarf Lords who received the Rings proved to be very resistant to their power, and neither "faded" nor became enslaved to Sauron's will. The Rings instead created in them an insatiable lust for gold, which ultimately caused a great deal of grief for the Dwarves.
The Ringwraiths in The Fellowship of the Ring
As Sauron predicted, however, the nine Men were all corrupted by their Rings and became the Nazgul. Sauron's deadliest servants. Had the Elves not recognized Sauron's treachery and forsaken the power of their rings, the results would have been catastrophic for the Free Peoples of Middle-Earth. It seems that most if not all of the native Men of Middle-Earth succumbed to the power of the Ring once the Nazgul were created; the Numenoreans were spared because of their distance. The Elves, had they been captured in this fashion, would have become the slaves of Sauron, and thus Celebrimbor's resistance was of immense importance in the history of Middle-earth.
In this era, during which he marshalled and commanded great armies, Sauron became known as the Dark Lord of Mordor and his fortress of Barad-dur was completed. He was very powerful even without control of the Elves, and he conquered nearly all of Middle-earth during the War of the Elves and Sauron. However, the armies of Numenor's King Tar-Minastir were finally able to defeat him at a last battle near Gwathlo or the Greyflood in SA 1700. Defeated but not vanquished, Sauron retreated back to Mordor and began recouping his strength over the many centuries.
Sauron overlooking his Orc army at Gorgoroth
Towards the end of the Second Age, Sauron was once again powerful enough to raise again large armies to attempt to rule Middle-earth. By this time, he assumed the titles of "Lord of the Earth " and "King of Men ". Sauron's rise in power and apparent intention to crown himself the King of all Men offended the Numenoreans ; the powerful Men descended from those who had fought against Melkor in the War of Wrath. Some were the descendants, through Elros, of Beren and Luthien.Life in Numenor
These Men lived on the island of Numenor in the sea between Middle-earth and Valinor. The Numenoreans, who were then proud, came to Middle-earth with astounding force of arms. King Ar-Pharazon marched his troops all the way to Mordor without a single battle, and demanded that Sauron abase himself before the King. Sauron could see clearly that even the most powerful of his servants could not stand against the Numenoreans, and so came from Barad-dur without any offer of battle. He assumed a fair form and flattered Ar-Pharazon. but the King demanded that Sauron come back to Numenor as a hostage. Sauron feigned unhappiness at this development but secretly was delighted, for this presented him with an opportunity to destroy the Numenoreans from within. After only a few short years in Numenor he grew from captive to the King's most trusted adviser, and nearly all the King's court fawned upon him. Drawing on their fear of death. he converted many Numenoreans to the worship of Morgoth, lying that Morgoth had the power to save them from mortality. As his power and influence reached its peak, he raised a great Temple in which he performed human sacrifices to Morgoth. Finally, he convinced Ar-Pharazon to rebel against the Valar and attack Valinor itself and claim it for himself.
But here, Sauron's cunning overreached itself, for Eru then directly intervened - Numenor was drowned under the sea, and the great navy of Numenor was destroyed and the army that reached Aman was buried under mountains of falling rock and imprisoned in the Caves of the Forgotten. The world was bent. so that thereafter, only Elven-Ships could sail into the Utter West. Sauron's body was destroyed, but his spirit was not diminished, and he fled back to Mordor bearing the Ring, where he slowly rebuilt a new body and his strength during the time known as the Dark Years. From this point on, he lost the ability to assume a fair shape, and ruled now through terror and force. A few faithful Numenoreans led by Elendil were saved from the flood, and they founded Gondor and Arnor in Middle-earth.Loss of the Ring
Sauron's destruction in battle by Isildur
After losing his body in the destruction of Numenor and a brief period of renewed war, Elendil and his people allied with the Elven-king, Gil-Galad to create the Last Alliance, and together fought Sauron. They finally defeated his armies at the Battle of Dagorlad. and laid siege to Barad-dur for seven years. Finally, Sauron himself came forth and dueled both Elendil and Gil-galad, slaying them both singlehandedly. Then Isildur, son of Elendil, took up his father's broken sword, Narsil and cut the One Ring from Sauron's finger. Sauron's physical body was destroyed. With nearly all of his power stored in the ring, the dark lord was vanquished when it was cut from his finger. Without their leader's dark will driving them on, Sauron's armies were routed and fled, and thus, his campaign to defeat the free peoples was seemingly ended, and his greatest weapon taken from him.
But while Isildur had taken the ring, he could not bring himself to destroy it in the fires of Mount Doom where it was forged, instead he became corrupted by the One Ring and kept it for himself. He was eventually betrayed by it a few years later, and slain by Orcs at Gladden Fields. The Ring fell into the river Anduin, and was lost for centuries before being found by the two Stoorish friends Smeagol and Deagol.
Despite his defeat, Sauron was not vanquished permanently. Though greatly weakened, and in non-corporeal form, he still existed, due to pouring most of his native power, strength, and will into the One Ring. Thus, as long as it existed, he could never be truly defeated, and during the first thousand years of the Third Age, he lay in hiding, slowly recovering his strength until he was once again able to create a body for himself.The Necromancer of Dol Guldur
Sauron appearing at Dol Guldur, in Peter Jackson's portrayal of The Hobbit
In the year TA 1000. Sauron at last began to rise again, taking the stronghold of Dol Guldur. the Hill of Sorcery, in southern Mirkwood in TA 1050. There, he was disguised as a dark sorcerer known as the Necromancer. and the Elves did not realize at first that he was actually Sauron returned.
Around this time, the Valar sent the five Wizards. or Istari. including Gandalf Greyhame, who later changed into Gandalf the White, to oppose Sauron and rally the free peoples of Middle-Earth against him.
While Sauron continued to gather his strength, the Ringwraiths reappeared in the year TA 1300. and began steadily assaulting the Numenorian kingdoms in exile until, one by one, they fell. Whether the Witch King was acting on his own, or was being guided by Sauron, is not known.
Suspecting that Sauron had returned and was guiding the Nazgul, the wizard Gandalf infiltrated the fortress in TA 2063 to confirm his theory, but Sauron fled into the East to conceal his identity. This marked the beginning of the Watchful Peace. which ended with Sauron's return to Dol Guldur in TA 2460. During the same year, the One Ring was finally discovered by the stoor Smeagol and his friend Deagol.
Sauron reveals himself to Gandalf at Dol Guldur
Gandalf the Grey made a second intrusion into Dol Guldur in TA 2850. and finally discovered that the Necromancer was indeed Sauron. Eventually, the White Council put forth their might and drove Sauron from Dol Guldur permanently in TA 2941. Without the Ring in his possession, Sauron could draw on only the smallest fraction of its strength, so that his enemies were able to drive him from Dol Guldur with relative ease. However, the Dark Lord, having had ample time to prepare, was willing to abandon Dol Guldur, and returned to Mordor, where he openly declared himself in TA 2951. and began preparations for his final war against the free peoples of Middle-earth.
Barad-dur and Orodruin
Sauron bred immense armies of Orcs and allied with and enslaved Men from the east and south. He gathered his most terrifying servants, the Nazgul (airi in Quenyan), or Ringwraiths. each wearing one of the nine rings designed for mortal men. He adopted the symbol of a lidless eye. and was able to exert his will over Middle-earth, so that the Eye of Sauron became a symbol of power and fear. But while Sauron had much of his former strength, he was still much weakened without the One Ring and remained hidden in the shadows, directing his armies from afar.War of the Ring
After the creature Gollum. who had previously possessed the ring, was captured, Sauron had him tortured and learned that he once had a magic ring, and from him he heard the words Shire and Baggins. He deduced that Gollum's ring was the One Ring. and sent his servants, the dreaded Nazgul. to find Shire and search for Baggins, so that the One Ring might be found and returned to him.
Sauron discovering Aragorn through the Palantir of Minas Tirith
Meanwhile, Sauron had allied with Saruman the White (another fallen Maia, or Istari), whom he had ensnared into his service, expecting the wizard to move against Rohan and thus remove one of the major threats Sauron faced in his planned conquest of Gondor and the remaining Elves. Saruman failed however, and Sauron lost his most potent ally as well as Saruman's massive orc army of Uruk-Hai.
Shortly after Saruman's defeat, Peregrin Took looked into the Palantir that Saruman had possessed and accidentally communicated with Sauron, who believed that Saruman had captured the Halflings bearing the Ring. However, when Aragorn took the palantir and revealed himself, Sauron realized that Saruman had fallen. Concluding that the heir of Isildur carried the One Ring and could possibly use it against him, Sauron sped up his plans and attacked the city of Minas Tirith in Gondor much sooner than he had planned, seeking to raze it and crush last true human resistance to his rule.
Fortunately, due to the combined efforts of Gondor, Rohan, and the Army of the Dead. Sauron's army was defeated. He still had many armies in reserve, however, and enough military strength to easily conquer Middle-earth once Gondor fell. Yet, instead of striking out and covering Middle-Earth in a second darkness akin to Morgoth's near-victory, Sauron feared that Aragorn was attempting to master the ring's powers for himself, and waited for a period of strife between Aragorn and other potential Ringlords in which he would move out and take the Ring for himself.
The Great Eye, when aspying Aragorn's army at the Black Gate
Despite their successful repulsion of Sauron's forces at Minas Tirith, Gandalf and Aragorn knew that an army of 10,000 orcs still stood between Frodo and Mt. Doom, and that Frodo stood almost no chance of reaching the mountain undetected. In a desperate gambit to buy time for Frodo to reach Mount Doom and to distract Sauron from the presence of the Ring in Mordor, Gandalf and Aragorn led the remaining host from Minas Tirith to the Black Gate, making Sauron believe that Aragorn did indeed intend to challenge him directly. 
Their ploy worked, as Sauron marshaled the entirety of his remaining forces and marched them towards Udun to utterly crush the Men of the West and regain his prize, leaving the Planes of Gorgoroth completely deserted and allowing Frodo and Sam to reach Mt. Doom unhindered. However, once Frodo reached the Cracks of Doom, he finally succumbed to the power of the Ring. As he put it on and prepared to leave Mt. Doom, Sauron suddenly became aware of him, immediately drawing his gaze towards the mountain. Though enraged, Sauron was suddenly gripped with terror having realized his own folly, and he frantically sent the Ringwraiths towards the mountain to retrieve the Ring. He was too late however, and Gollum, after taking the Ring from Frodo, slipped and plunged into the Cracks of Doom, and the Ring was unmade. The earth shook as a great shockwave rippled across Mordor, and the foundations of Barad-dur were finally destroyed, causing the great fortress to fall into ruin once and for all. Mt. Doom was completely destroyed in a cataclysmic eruption that consumed the eight remaining Nazgul, who had left their combat with the Great Eagles to race to Mount Doom, in its fiery ruin. 
With his source of power gone, Sauron was utterly defeated and his armies were destroyed or scattered, bereft of the driving will behind their conquest. With the Ring's destruction, Sauron was permanently robbed of his physical form, reducing him to a malevolent spirit that hovered above Mordor like a "huge shape of shadow, impenetrable, lightning-crowned. terrible but impotent," only to be blown away by a great wind. 
All of Sauron's old strength that was "native to him in his beginning", in the words of Gandalf, was forever lost. Since his new body was based solely on the powers of the Ring, it was destroyed when the Ring was unmade. Without the strength of the Ring to aid him, he would never regain enough power to form the weakest body in Arda, and thus was restricted to existing as a hateful spirit, weak, and forever unable to take part in the events of Middle-earth. While evil would continue to exist, Sauron could never emerge as a Dark Lord again and never would have the power to create an army or draw evil creatures to his rule as he once did.
""If [the Ring] it is destroyed, then he will fall, and his fall will be so low that none can foresee his arising ever again. For he will lose the best part of the strength that was native to him in his beginning, and all that was made or begun with that power will crumble, and he will be maimed for ever, becoming a mere spirit of malice that gnaws itself in the shadows, but cannot again grow or take shape. And so a great evil of this world will be removed." " —The Return of the King , "The Last Debate"
Sauron is the Quenya term for "the Abhorred".  In Sindarin. it is translated as Gorthaur from gor ("horror, dread") and thaur ("abominable, abhorrent"). Other names
His original name was said to be Mairon ("the Admirable, from maira = admirable, excellent"), a name he used while in Numenor. adding the title "Tar" for "Tar-Mairon" ("King Excellent").  When disguising himself in the Second Age. he called himself Annatar ("Lord of Gifts, anna = gift and tar = king, lord"), Artano ("High-smith") and Aulendil ("Friend of Aule "). 
His name is sometimes seen written as Thauron (?auron ), an earlier pronunciation of Sauron.Earlier names
Thu was Tolkien's earlier names for Sauron in the Lay of Leithian.
Idea of the appearance of Sauron, by Maureval
Despite being the title character of the Lord of the Rings. Sauron is notable in that he never directly appears during the events of the trilogy. Nowhere is any detailed description given of what he looks like, other than in vague terms.
In The Silmarillion. Sauron is described as being a shape changer, and took many forms, including that of a serpent, a vampire, and a great wolf. After Morgoth's fall, Sauron appeared in fair form as Annatar, the Lord of Gifts, and maintained this appearance until the Fall of Numenor, in which he was unable to ever take fair form ever again. The History of Middle Earth include a passage describing (again, vaguely) how the Numenoreans saw him: "Upon that ship which was cast highest and stood dry upon a hill there was a man, or one in man's shape, but greater than any even of the race of Numenor in stature. And it seemed to men that Sauron was great; though they feared the light of his eyes. To many he appeared fair, to others terrible; but to some evil." 
A few clues are given as to Sauron's appearance as the Dark Lord, after he lost his ability to take a fair form: Tolkien described Sauron in one of his letters as having the form of a man of more than human stature, but not gigantic, and as an image of malice and hatred made visible. He apparently gave off great heat, so much so that Gil-Galad was burned to death by his mere touch, and Isildur described Sauron's hand as black, yet burning like fire, suggesting that his entire body was blackened from fire and heat.
Gollum, having apparently seen Sauron directly, described him as having only four fingers on his black hand, suggesting that Sauron was unable to regenerate the finger from which Isildur took the One Ring, similar to how the wounds Morgoth took from Fingolfin never healed.
In addition to his physical appearance, Sauron also apparently had an aura of incredible malevolence. A passage in The Silmarillion describes him as having a "dreadful presence," and daunting eyes. Furthermore, his mere presence could bend all but the strongest wills. 
Regarding Sauron's personality, Tolkien had this to say from his letters:
"In my story Sauron represents as near an approach to the wholly evil will as is possible. He had gone the way of all tyrants: beginning well, at least on the level that while desiring to order all things according to his own wisdom he still at first considered the (economic) well-being of other inhabitants of the Earth. But he went further than human tyrants in pride and the lust for domination, being in origin an immortal (angelic) spirit. Sauron desired to be a God-King, and was held to be this by his servants, by a triple treachery: 1. Because of his admiration of Strength he had become a follower of Morgoth and fell with him down into the depths of evil, becoming his chief agent in Middle Earth. 2. when Morgoth was defeated by the Valar finally he forsook his allegiance; but out of fear only; he did not present himself to the Valar or sue for pardon, and remained in Middle Earth. 3. When he found how greatly his knowledge was admired by all other rational creatures and how easy it was to influence them, his pride became boundless. " —J.R.R. Tolkien Weapons and powers
Sauron was among the mightiest of the Maiar. Originally of Aule's people, he acquired great "scientific" knowledge of the world's substances and how to use them. He would retain this knowledge throughout his tenure as the Dark Lord in Middle-earth, using it to forge the One Ring and construct his fortress of Barad-dur. Sauron also seemed primarily linked to the use of fire, and as Morgoth's chief lieutenant, his ability to tap into the fires in the earth was of great value.
Sauron's fair disguise.
Among Sauron's chief powers were deception and disguise: In the First Age Sauron took on many forms. His battle against Luthien and Huan in The Silmarillion has him taking on no less than four separate shapes: his "normal" shape, presumed to be that of some kind of terrible dark sorcerer, a great wolf, a serpent, and finally a vampire "dripping blood from his throat upon the trees" ("Of Beren and Luthien ," The Silmarillion ). At the end of the First Age, Sauron took on a fair form to appeal to the Captain of the Hosts of the Valar and ask for pardon. In the Second Age, Sauron took up that fair form again and used it under the alias "Annatar" to deceive the Elves into creating the Rings of Power. The level of deception required to fool the Elves of Eregion must have gone beyond simply taking on a fair form. Sauron was literally instructing the Elves to make artifacts that while capable of great good, were ultimately purposed for his own domination and were imbued with power to arrest the natural order of the world. The Elves were unaware of who they were dealing with until the eleventh hour, and only narrowly escaped his trap. Centuries later, Sauron was able to deceive the Numenoreans and steer them directly to their own destruction under promises of eternal life. Such destruction is a testament to Sauron's manipulative nature and ability to twist the perceptions of his enemies.
Sauron bears a coat of arms that is black charged with a red eye.
An interesting dichotomy is set up between his deceptive nature and his symbol. While rarely appearing personally and deceiving all but the most wary, he represented himself as an all seeing eye that could pierce all disguises. Consistent with Tolkien's theme of evil being finite, wasteful, and self-destructive, Sauron's powers gradually decreased as time went on. After the Fall of Numenor he was incapable of taking physical form for many years, and then later became a horrific Dark Lord. After losing the Ring it took even longer for him to regain physical form, although by the War of the Ring he had regained it.
The extent, nature, and specifics of Sauron's power are largely left to the imagination. Like his master Morgoth, he was capable of altering the physical substance of the world around him by mere effort of will.
In The Bestiary under the section "Wolfhounds," it is said Huan "took the greatest of the Maiar by the throat," referring to his fight with Sauron. However in the section Maiar it says "the mightiest of the Maiar is Eonwe."Signs and Symbols
The Symbol of Sauron was the Eye of Sauron. particularly after he arose in Mirkwood at Dol Guldur. The Evil Eye is also the most popular representation of Sauron. though it is but a representation of his will and semi-omniscient. It is known as The Eye of Sauron in The Silmarillion , and in The Lord of the Rings is also known as the Great Eye, the Eye of Barad-dur, the Red Eye, the Lidless Eye, and the Evil Eye. The term Red Eye is also used to refer to the actual Eye of Sauron.Other versions of the legendarium
Since the earliest versions of the Silmarillion legendarium (as detailed in the History of Middle-earth series), Sauron has undergone many changes. The prototype of this character was Tevildo. Prince of Cats, who played the role later taken by Sauron in the earliest version of the story of Beren and Luthien in The Book of Lost Tales . Tevildo later (but still in the Book of Lost Tales period) was transformed into Thu. the Necromancer. The name was then changed to Gorthu. Sur. and finally to Sauron. Gorthu. in the form Gorthaur remained in The Silmarillion. In Numenor he was known (according to the Notion Club Papers and associated writings) as Zigur.In the books In video games Portrayal in adaptations
Prior to the publication of The Silmarillion. Sauron's origins and true identity were unclear to those without full access to Tolkien's notes, so that early editions of the Guide to Middle Earth described Sauron as "probably of the Eldar elves".The Lord of the Rings film trilogy
"You know of what I speak, Gandalf. A great eye, lidless, wreathed in flame. " —Saruman to Gandalf in The Fellowship of the Ring .
Sauron's primary appearance in Peter Jackson 's trilogy is as the Eye of Sauron. a titanic, flaming eye atop Barad-dur ; many characters refer to him as "the Eye" or "the Great Eye." His physical form as a massive being clad in nine-foot-tall black armor is seen only in two contexts: in flashbacks to the War of the Last Alliance throughout the trilogy, and very briefly in the center of the Eye in an extended scene with Aragorn and the Palantir in The Return of the King . When Sauron speaks, it is telepathically through the One Ring or the Palantir ; he is voiced by Sala Baker.
As in the books, Sauron is the primary antagonist throughout the films. He is depicted as an almost godlike entity whose mere presence, even when mediated by a medium like the Palantir. causes immense pain and injury. Most of his bidding is achieved through his various servants such as the Nazgul and Saruman. who calls him "the Lord of the Earth." Sauron is most extensively depicted in the prologue to The Fellowship of the Ring . shown forging the One Ring and leading his armies at the Battle of Dagorlad in the War of the Last Alliance. He wears black armor and a mask based on Tolkien's description of Morgoth in The Silmarillion. and wields a giant mace capable of killing scores of men in one hit.
Sauron was originally intended to appear in physical form at the climax of The Return of the King . appearing at the Battle of the Morannon to fight Aragorn. However, this was ultimately scrapped from the film due to the fact it was not in the book and the developers believed it would take the main focus away from Sam and Frodo. Furthermore, Jackson believed it would take away from Aragorn's act of sacrifice.
The Eye of Sauron's feline appearance is a reference to the character of "Tevildo" in the first drafts, who took the form of a cat.The Hobbit film trilogy
Sauron as he appears in The Desolation of Smaug .
Sauron's role from The Hobbit is greatly expanded in Jackson's Hobbit film trilogy. He is voiced by Benedict Cumberbatch.
Sauron appears in An Unexpected Journey in the form of a black, humanoid ghost, alluding to Tolkien's description of the Necromancer as a man with blackened skin. He is briefly witnessed in this form by Radagast.
In the The Desolation of Smaug . Sauron reveals a greater extent of his powers. When Gandalf arrives in Dol Guldur to investigate tales of an evil there, Sauron first confronts him as a mass of black smoke. After a brief duel, Sauron is able to overpower the wizard and reveals himself as an armored figure within the shape of an enormous, flaming eye.
In The Battle of the Five Armies . Galadriel. Elrond. and Saruman (the White Council ) travel to Dol Goldur to free Gandalf. There, Sauron releases the Nazgul upon them, but the Ringwraiths are defeated by the Council. It is then that Sauron appears as a spectral armored form within a flaming eye, accompanied within the fire by the Ringwraiths' ghostly forms. Sauron threatens the Council with the fall of the East and the rise of Angmar. but is engaged by Galadriel (in her spectral form) in a magical duel of minds. Sauron cannot overcome Galadriel, and he flees as an orb of orange light into the East. Afterward, Saruman promises the Council that he will handle Sauron personally.
The extended edition confirms Sauron has forged an alliance with Smaug.Video games
Sauron, disguised as Annatar, with the newly-forged One Ring
The Eye of Sauron. called by many various names, was the symbol of Sauron the Dark Lord. This symbol was adopted to show his unceasing vigilance and piercing perception, and was displayed on the weaponry of his servants, or at least the orcs.[edit ] Portrayal in adaptations
The card "Eye of Sauron " appeared in The Wizards (the first set for the game), used as to improve the prowess of each automatic-attack against other players. "The Lidless Eye " appeared in the set The Lidless Eye . and can be used by players to enhance their general influence. 
2001-2003: The Lord of the Rings (film series) :
In Peter Jackson 's film adaptation, the Eye featured as a physical, living object between the pinnacles of Barad-dur. It also literally searched the lands with a red light like a spotlight, and in the film the light could be seen constantly sweeping the lands. It was quenched when the One Ring was cast into Orodruin.
2012-2014: The Hobbit (film series) :
In The Desolation of Smaug, the second installment of The Hobbit trilogy, the Eye of Sauron is shown, in which the pupil slowly becomes Sauron's shape as we have seen it in The Lord of the Rings (movies). Once we zoom into the Eye, we go through the pupil and see the Eye again, as an endless circle of the Void, portraying the 'window into nothing' out of Tolkien's description.