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CIA_World_Factbook: definition of CIA_World_Factbook and synonyms of CIA_World_Factbook (English)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The World Factbook (ISSN 1553-8133 ; also known as the CIA World Factbook ) [ 2 ] is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with almanac -style information about the countries of the world. It was originally an annual book, but the 2008 edition was the last to be printed on paper by the CIA. Other companies—such as Skyhorse Publishing —have continued printing a paper edition. The Factbook is available in the form of a website, which is partially updated every two weeks. It is also available for download for use off-line. It provides a two- to three-page summary of the demographics. geography. communications. government. economy. and military of 266 [ 3 ] U.S.-recognized countries, dependencies, and other areas in the world.

Factbook sources

In researching the Factbook. the CIA uses the sources listed below. Other public and private sources are also consulted. [ 4 ]

The World Factbook website as it appeared in January 2010

Because the Factbook is in the public domain. people are free to redistribute and modify it in any way that they like, without permission of the CIA. [ 4 ] However, the CIA requests that it be cited when the Factbook is used. [ 6 ] The official seal of the CIA, however, may not be copied without permission as required by the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 (50 U.S.C.  § 403m ).

Frequency of updates and availability

Before November 2001, The World Factbook website was updated yearly. [ 7 ] Since then, the Factbook website is updated every two weeks. [ 7 ] Generally, information currently available as of January 1 of the current year [ 8 ] is used in preparing the Factbook .

Government edition of the Factbook

The first classified edition of Factbook was published in August 1962 and the first unclassified version in June 1971. [ 9 ] The World Factbook was first available to the public in print in 1975 [ 9 ]. In 2008, the CIA discontinued printing the Factbook. instead turning printing responsibilities over to the Government Printing Office. [ 10 ] This happened due to a CIA decision to "focus Factbook resources" on the online edition. [ 11 ] The Factbook has been on the World Wide Web since October 1994. [ 12 ] The Web version gets an average of 6 million visits per month; [ 5 ] it can also be downloaded. [ 13 ] The official printed version is sold [ 14 ] by the Government Printing Office and National Technical Information Service. In past years, the Factbook was available on CD-ROM. [ 15 ] microfiche [ 16 ]. magnetic tape [ 16 ]. and floppy disk [ 16 ] .

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    CIA - s World Factbook: Global intelligence for every thinker, traveler, soldier, spy

    CIA’s World Factbook: Global intelligence for every thinker, traveler, soldier, spy

    A great publication not only provides timely and valuable information, but it also allows us a glimpse into the times and events that necessitated its production.

    Such is the case with the CIA’s World Factbook —which marks its 50 th anniversary in 2012 for the classified version and over 40 years for the public version described here— and shows us a glimpse into how Pearl Harbor and the Cold War changed the way America began to gather information about all corners of the globe.

    The Factbook has its origins in the aftermath of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and the realization by Congress and the White House that lack of coordinated intelligence across all Governmental departments had left the United States woefully unprepared for the attack, and determined to correct this as a national security necessity and priority.  According to the CIA historians :

    During World War II, intelligence consumers realized that the production of basic intelligence by different components of the US Government resulted in a great duplication of effort and conflicting information.

    Detailed and coordinated information was needed not only on such major powers as Germany and Japan, but also on places of little previous interest. In the Pacific Theater, for example, the Navy and Marines had to launch amphibious operations against many islands about which information was unconfirmed or nonexistent.

    Image above: During WWII, OSS intelligence reviewed existing maps with the military. Source: Top Secret Writers

    JANIS Drops In

    To correct this deficiency, in 1943, General George B. Strong (G-2), Admiral H. C. Train (Office of Naval Intelligence – known as ONI), and General William J. Donovan (Director of the Office of Strategic Services – known as OSS, the precursor of the CIA) oversaw the formation of a Joint Intelligence Study Publishing Board to assemble, edit, coordinate, and publish the Joint Army Navy Intelligence Studies (JANIS).

    JANIS was the first cross-departmental basic intelligence program to fulfill the needs of the US Government for an authoritative and coordinated appraisal of strategic basic intelligence.

    All groups involved in the war agreed that finished basic intelligence was required that covered territories around the world where the war was being fought. They needed detailed, up-to-date maps and geography; basic understanding of the cultural, economical, political and historical issues of the people and the region.

    Compiling and publishing this information for the Allied intelligence needs, JANIS became an indispensable reference for war planning and execution.

    The Cold War Gives Birth to the CIA… and the National Intelligence Survey

    But the Cold War that immediately followed World War II showed that there was just as much need for continued intelligence gathering as ever. In the 1946 publication “The Future of American Secret Intelligence,” national security author George S. Petee wrote: “The conduct of peace involves all countries, all human activities – not just the enemy and his war production.”

    In acknowledgement of this, the Congress established the Central Intelligence Agency in 1947 which immediately took over responsibility for JANIS. The next year, the National Security Council authorized the National Intelligence Survey program as a peacetime replacement for the wartime JANIS program. By 1955, the Hoover Commission evaluating the CIA advised Congress that: “The National Intelligence Survey [NIS] is an invaluable publication which provides the essential elements of basic intelligence on all areas of the world. There will always be a continuing requirement for keeping the Survey up-to-date.

    The Sum of All Facts: The World Factbook

    Subsequently, the World Factbook was created as an “annual summary and update to the encyclopedic NIS studies.

    Originally published only as a classified publication starting a half century ago in August 1962 (just prior to the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962), the World Factbook was first published in its declassified version for public consumption in June 1971, 40 years ago.

    Image: CIA map produced for President Kennedy’s team estimating the range of Soviet missiles being set up in Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962. Source: Canadian History Portal

    Today’s World Factbook is the declassified version of the finished basic intelligence compiled by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and coordinated across all the U.S. intelligence community. It uses only recognized, authoritative sources, not only CIA-gathered intelligence, but also a wide variety of U.S. Government agencies from the National Security Agency, Department of Defense, Department of State, Department of Agriculture, Defense Intelligence Agency, and hundreds of other published sources around the world.

    Printed Version Provides an Annual Snapshot

    Once a year, the Government Printing Office takes a snapshot of this information from the CIA as of January 1 and produces a printed version of the World Factbook. It provides unparalleled and succinct information about hundreds of countries in a format that provides an easy-to-use comparison.The Factbook has been available from GPO since 1975.

    The 2011 version just published provides a two- to three-page summary of the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities, including U.S.-recognized countries, dependencies, and other areas in the world.

    Each country has its own basic map and shows its flag, but of particular interest are the maps of the major world regions, as well three pull-out maps included in the publication: Physical Map of the World, Political Map of the World, and Standard Time Zones of the World Map, all of which can be used as wall maps.

    Who Can Benefit from the World Factbook?

    A perennial best seller in the GPO bookstore, The World Factbook is used by not only US Government officials, but is a must-have reference for researchers, news organizations, businesses, geographers, international travelers, teachers, professors, librarians, and students.

    In short, after 40 years, the World Factbook is still the best source of  up-to-date, summarized intelligence about the world for any “thinker, traveler, soldier, or spy” of any age!

    Image: Pupils at Crosby’s Valewood Primary School near Liverpool, England, dress up as ‘Spies’ as part of a creative project. Photographer: Andrew Teebay. Source: Liverpool Echo

    To gather your own up-to-date intelligence about the world we live in, you can obtain the World Factbook 2011 at one of these locations:

    How can you get this publication?

    • Buy the current version of the World Factbook and selected previous editions online 24/7 at GPO’s Online Bookstore.
    • Buy it at GPO’s retail bookstore at 710 North Capitol Street NW, Washington, DC 20401, open Monday-Friday, 9am to 4pm, except Federal holidays, (202) 512-0132.
    • Find it in a library .

    Some Interesting “DID YOU KNOW?” Facts related to the CIA’s World Factbook:

    • Question: What separates “intelligence” from “information”?
      • Answer: According to the CIA: The Intelligence Cycle is the process by which information is acquired, converted into intelligence, and made available to policymakers. Information is raw data from any source, data that may be fragmentary, contradictory, unreliable, ambiguous, deceptive, or wrong. Intelligence is information that has been collected, integrated, evaluated, analyzed, and interpreted. Finished intelligence is the final product of the Intelligence Cycle ready to be delivered to the policymaker.

    The three types of finished intelligence are: basic, current, and estimative. Basic intelligence provides the fundamental and factual reference material on a country or issue.

    • Question: “Why is the British Labour Party misspelled?”
      • Answer: When American and British spellings of common English words differ, The World Factbook always uses the American spelling, even when these common words form part of a proper name in British English.
    • Question: “What is a ‘doubly landlocked’ country and which are the only two in the world?”
      • Answer: A doubly landlocked country is one that is separated from an ocean or an ocean-accessible sea by two intervening countries. Uzbekistan and Liechtenstein are the only countries that fit this definition.
    • Question: “Why does the Factbook use metric units, even though Americans still use traditional units of measure like feet, pounds, and Fahrenheit?”
      • Answer: US Federal agencies are required by the Metric Conversion Act of 1975 (Public Law 94-168) and by Executive Order 12770 of July 1991 to use the International System of Units, commonly referred to as the metric system or SI. In addition, the metric system is used by over 95 percent of the world’s population.
    • Question: “Why is the European Union listed at the end of the Factbook entries? It’s not a country!”
      • Answer:  The European Union (EU) is not a country, but it has taken on many nation-like attributes and these may be expanded in the future. A more complete explanation on the inclusion of the EU into the Factbook can be found in the Preliminary statement.

    About the Author:  Michele Bartram is Promotions Manager for GPO’s Publication and Information Sales Division and is responsible for online and offline marketing of the US Government Online Bookstore (Bookstore.gpo.gov) and promoting Federal government content to the public. She’s a big fan of the National Spy Museum and of spy movies, which she is going to enjoy for her birthday tomorrow.

    НАТО получит свою версию «Глобал Хоука»

    НАТО получит свою версию «Глобал Хоука»

    Церемония выкатки первого беспилотного летательного аппарата RQ-4B Block 40 Global Hawk, построенного по совместной программе Allied Ground Surveillance (AGS) стран-участниц НАТО. 4 июня 2015г.

    Источник: Jane's

    19 декабря на базе Палмдейл (Калифорния) компания Northrop Grumman выполнила первый полет созданного по требованиям НАТО стратегического разведывательного БЛА RQ-4B Global Hawk, сообщает flightglobal.com 20 декабря.

    БЛА на базе RQ-4 Block 40 создан по программе AGS (Alliance Ground Surveillance – блоковая (НАТО) cистема обнаружения наземных целей – прим. Военный Паритет). Аппарат оснащен радаром Northrop-Raytheon MP-RTIP с синтезированной апертурой с возможностью целеуказания на мобильные наземные цели, что практически аналогично возможностям самолета Northrop E-8C JSTARS, но без функции управления боевыми действиями наземных войск. Кроме того, беспилотник получил возможности работы по морским целям и систему обмена разведданными, это оборудование создано европейскими компаниями Airbus, Kongsberg и Selex ES (как сообщает компания Northrop, радар AN/ZPY-2 Multi-Platform Radar Technology Insertion Program (MP-RTIP) оснащен активной ФАР – прим. Военный Паритет).

    В общей сложности 28 стран НАТО обязались поддержать программу AGS, и них 15 участвуют в финансировании. Пять БЛА будут развернуты на базе Сигонелла (Италия), затем будут получены еще четыре. Производство БЛА версии AGS даст возможность быстрее реализовать программы поставок «Глобал Хоуков» для Японии и Южной Кореи. Австралия заказала БЛА Triton на базе RQ-4 для патрулирования морской акватории.

    KZPES_CIS_2011 v 5

    KZPES_CIS_2011 v 5.0 Global Edition

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    - Bundesliga (18 клубов)

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    - Kazakhstan Premier League (12 клубов)

    - Kazakhstan 1 (10 клубов)

    - Все 32 клуба в Лиге Чемпионов 2010-2011

    - Все 48 клуба в Лиге Eвропы 2010-2011

    - Все сборные Euro 2012 (50 клубов + Казахстан )

    - Все остальне хорошие кубы евопы

    - Появился новый кубок СНГ (содружество )

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    - Имена игроков приведены к более привычному виду (Messi. Xavi. C. Ronaldo)

    - Изменены формы "adidas" и "puma" сделаны с технологией Techfit (некоторые)

    - Более правильные расстановки игроков, а также игровые схемы и номера

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    The World Factbook - Мировая книга фактов

    "The World Factbook" - "Мировая книга фактов" (подробный справочник о странах мира), составленная Правительством США, содержит экономическую, политическую, географическую и другую информацию. Является хорошим статистическим пособием для уроков географии, экономики, истории и других. Для всех стран мира представлены карты, описания географического положения, климата, государственного и политического устройства, государственной символики, населения, армии; приведены сводные экономические показатели, показатели отраслей, транспорта, связи и пр. Имеются сводные данные по миру в целом - демографические показатели, оценка мирового валового продукта, показатели мировой торговли. Поиск справки по любой стране мира быстр и удобен, все материалы находятся в открытом доступе. Законченное географическое руководство. Здесь сосредоточены 271 полноцветных карт и флагов всех наций. Профиль каждой страны прослеживает такую демографию как население, этническая принадлежность и грамотность, так же как политические, географические и экономические данные. The U.S. government's complete geographical handbook, featuring 271 full-color maps and flags of all nations.Each country profile tracks such demographics as population, ethnicity and literacy rates, as well as political, geographical and economic data.

    Country Listing - Список стран всего 271 (включая весь мир и океаны)

    Список стран (перевод с английского на русский)

    Reference Maps - Справочные карты Африка, Антарктика, Арктика, Азия, Центральная Америка и Карибы, Европа, Средний Восток, Северная Америка, Южная Америка, Южная Азия, Океания, Физическая карта мира, Политическая карта мира, Карта временных зон, США.

    Rank Order pages are presorted lists of data from selected Factbook data fields. Rank Order pages are generally given in descending order -highest to lowest - such as Population and Area. The two exceptions are Unemployment Rate and Inflation Rate, which are in ascending - lowest to highest - order. Rank Order pages are available for the following 34 fields in six of the nine Factbook categories.

    Страницы ранжирования - предсортированные списки по выбранным полям данных Книги Фактов. Страницы вообще даются в порядке по убыванию - наиболее высокий к самому низкому - например как "Население" и "Территория". Есть два исключения - "Уровень безработицы" и "Уровень инфляции", которые находятся в возрастании - наиболее низкий к самому высокому. Страницы ранжирования доступны по 34 полям в шести из девяти категорий "книги".

    Notes and Definitions - Примечания и Определения по каждому определению ссылка (всего 134) на информацию по странам (в алфавитном порядке)

    What's New - Что нового

    - Country information has been updated as of 19 September 2006 .

    - There have been some significant changes to the latest edition of The World Factbook. The successful secession referendum held in Montenegro in May of 2006 allowed it to legally leave its union with Serbia the following month. These two Balkan countries have now been formally recognized and are listed separately in the Factbook.

    - In the Government category, the 'Capital' entry has been greatly expanded and now contains up to four subfields, including significant new information having to do with time. The subfields consist of the name of the capital itself, its geographic coordinates. the time difference at the capital from coordinated universal time (UTC), and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.

    - A new Appendix G lists Weights and Measures. The appendix includes information on mathematical notation and metric interrelationships, as well as over 400 examples of standard conversion factors.

    -Revision of some individual country maps, first introduced in the 2001 edition, is continued in this edition. Several regional maps have also been updated to reflect boundary changes and place name spelling changes.

    - 20 October, 2005 .

    - There have been some significant changes to the latest edition of The World Factbook. Recent confirmation that the United Kingdom Government administers the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia on Cyprus as dependencies (and not as lease areas like the US Guantanamo Bay Naval Station in Cuba) has required a changing of their status and their addition to the Factbook as new entities. In addition, the European Union has been included as an "Other" entity at the end of the listing. The European Union continues to accrue more nation-like characteristics for itself and so a separate listing was deemed appropriate. A fuller explanation may be found under the European Union Preliminary statement .

    - Along with the new entities and the regular information updates, The World Factbook now also features six new fields. In the People category, a Major infectious diseases field has been added for countries deemed to pose a higher degree of risk for travelers. In the Economy category, entries have been added for Current account balance. Investment (gross fixed). Public debt. and Reserves of foreign exchange and gold. The Transnational issues category has a new Refugees and internally displaced persons entry.

    - Revision of some individual country maps, first introduced in the 2001 edition, is continued in this edition. Several regional maps have also been updated to reflect boundary changes and place name spelling changes.

    The World Factbook - New World Encyclopedia

    The World Factbook

    The World Factbook (ISSN 1553-8133 ; also known as the CIA World Factbook ) [2] is an annual publication of the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with almanac -style information about the countries of the world. The Factbook provides a two- to three-page summaries of the demographics, geography, communications. government, economy, and military of 266 [3] U.S.-recognized countries, dependencies, and other areas in the world.

    Although the book title is "factbook" and readers tend to perceive the World Factbook as a simple book of facts and statistics, these "facts" may reflect the political perspectives of the U.S. government in its treatment of disputed areas.

    Factbook sources
    • Antarctic Information Program (National Science Foundation)
    • Armed Forces Medical Intelligence Center (Department of Defense)
    • Bureau of the Census (Department of Commerce)
    • Bureau of Labor Statistics (Department of Labor)
    • Central Intelligence Agency
    • Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs
    • Defense Intelligence Agency (Department of Defense)
    • Department of Energy
    • Department of State
    • Fish and Wildlife Service (Department of the Interior)
    • Maritime Administration (Department of Transportation)
    • National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (Department of Defense)
    • Naval Facilities Engineering Command (Department of Defense)
    • Office of Insular Affairs (Department of the Interior)
    • Office of Naval Intelligence (Department of Defense)
    • US Board on Geographic Names (Department of the Interior)
    • US Transportation Command (Department of Defense)
    • Oil & Gas Journal

    The World Factbook website as it appeared in January 2008

    Because the Factbook is in the public domain, people are free to redistribute and modify it in any way that they like, without permission of the CIA. [4] However, the CIA requests that it be cited when the Factbook is used. [6] The official seal of the CIA, however, may not be copied without permission as required by the CIA Act of 1949 (50 U.S.C. section 403m). Misuse of the official seal of the CIA could result in civil and criminal penalties. [7]

    Frequency of updates and availability

    Before November 2001, The World Factbook website was updated yearly. [8] Since then, the Factbook website is updated every two weeks; the print edition is still updated annually. [8] Generally, information currently available as of January 1 of the current year [9] is used in preparing the printed Factbook, which is released around the middle of each year. [8]

    Government edition of the Factbook

    The first classified edition of Factbook was published in August 1962 and the first unclassified version in June 1971. [10] The World Factbook has been available to the public in print since 1975 [10] and on the World Wide Web since October 1994. [11] The Web version gets an average of 6 million visits per month; [5] it can also be downloaded. [12] The official printed version is sold [13] at cost by the Government Printing Office and National Technical Information Service. In past years, the Factbook was available on CD-ROM, [14] microfiche, magnetic tape, and floppy disk. [15]

    Many Internet sites use information and images from the CIA World Factbook. [16] Several publishers, including Grand River Books, Potomac Books (formerly known as Brassy's Inc.), [17] and Skyhorse Publishing [18] have re-published the factbook in recent years.

    Entities in the Factbook

    As of February 2008, The World Factbook consists of 266 entities. [3] These entities can be divided into categories. [3] They are:

    Independent countries This category has independent countries, which the CIA defines as people "politically organized into a sovereign state with a definite territory". [3] In this category, there are 194 entities. Others The Other category is a list of other places set apart from the list of independent countries. Currently there are two. Taiwan and the European Union. Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty This category is a list of places affiliated with another country. They may be subdivided into categories using the country they are affiliated with:
    • Australia: six entities
    • China: two entities
    • Denmark. two entities
    • France: nine entities
    • Netherlands. two entities
    • New Zealand: three entities
    • Norway. three entities
    • United Kingdom: seventeen entities
    • United States: fourteen entities
    Miscellaneous This category is for Antarctica and places in dispute. There are six entities. Other entities This category is for the World and the oceans. There are five oceans and the World (the World entry is intended as a summary of the other 265 entries). [5] Territorial issues and controversies

    Areas not covered

    Specific regions within a country or areas in dispute among countries, such as Kashmir. are not covered, [19] but other areas of the world whose status is disputed, such as the Spratly Islands, have entries. [19] [20] Subnational areas of countries (such as US States or the Canadian provinces and territories) are not included in the Factbook. Instead, users looking for information about subnational areas are referred to "a good encyclopedia" for their reference needs. [21] This criterion was invoked in the 2007 edition with the decision to drop the entries for French Guiana. Guadeloupe. Martinique, and Reunion. They were dropped because besides being overseas departments, they were now overseas regions, and an integral part of France. [22]

    Kashmir Maps depicting Kashmir have the India–Pakistan border drawn at the Line of Control, but the region of Kashmir administered by China drawn in hash marks. [23] Northern Cyprus Northern Cyprus, which the U.S. considers part of the Republic of Cyprus, is not given a separate entry because "territorial occupations/annexations not recognized by the United States Government are not shown on U.S. Government maps." [24] Taiwan/Republic of China Taiwan has a separate entry not listed under T, but at the bottom of the list. [25] The name "Republic of China " is not listed as Taiwan's "official name" under the "Government" section, [26] due to U.S. acknowledgement of Beijing's and Taipei's One-China policy according to which there is one China and Taiwan is a part of it. [27] The name "Republic of China" was briefly added on January 27, 2005, [28] but has since been changed back to "none". [26] The map of the Peoples Republic of China on the World Factbook shows Taiwan included on the map of China. [29] Burma/Myanmar The U.S. does not recognize the renaming of Burma by its ruling military junta to Myanmar and thus keeps its entry for the country under "Burma." This is done because the name change "was not approved by any sitting legislature in Burma." As a result, the US government has never adopted the name Myanmar. [30] Macedonia The Republic of Macedonia is entered as Macedonia, [31] the name used in its first entry in the Factbook upon independence in 1992. [32] In the 1994 edition, the name of the entry was changed to the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia as a result of the Macedonia naming dispute with Greece. which objected to the use of the name "Macedonia". [33] For the next decade, this was the name the nation was listed under. Finally, in the 2004 edition of the Factbook, the name of the entry was changed back to Macedonia following a November 2004 US decision to refer to the country using this name. [34] [35] European Union On December 16, 2004, the CIA added an entry for the European Union (EU). [36] (Before this date, the EU was excluded from the Factbook. [37] According to the CIA, the European Union was added because the EU "continues to accrue more nation-like characteristics for itself". [27] United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges and Iles Eparses In the 2006 edition of The World Factbook, the entries for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Kingman Reef, Johnston Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and the Midway Islands were merged into a new United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges entry. [38] The old entries for each individual insular area remain as redirects on the Factbook website. On September 7, 2006, the CIA also merged the entries for Bassas da India, Europa Island, the Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island into a new Iles Eparses entry. [39] As with the new United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges entry, the old entries for these five islands remained as redirects on the website. [40] On July 19, 2007, the Iles Eparses entry and redirects for each island were dropped due to the group becoming a district of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands in February. [41] Serbia and Montenegro/Yugoslavia The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) broke apart in 1991. The following year, it was replaced in the Factbook with entries for each of its former constituent republics. [32] In doing this, the CIA listed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, proclaimed in 1992, as Serbia and Montenegro. as the U.S. did not recognize the union between the two republics. [42] [43] This was done in accordance with a May 21, 1992, decision [44] by the U.S. not to recognize any of the former Yugoslav republics [45] as successor states to the recently dissolved SFRY.

    A map of Yugoslavia from the 2000 edition of The World Factbook. [46] Notice how the disclaimer is printed in the upper right hand corner. One can see how the capital cities of both republics are individually labeled on the map.

    These views were made clear in a disclaimer printed in the Factbook. Serbia and Montenegro have asserted the formation of a joint independent state, but this entity has not been recognized as a state by the United States. [47]

    Montenegro and Serbia were treated separately in the Factbook data, as can be seen on the map. [48] In October 2000, Slobodan Milosevic was forced out of office after a disputed election. [49] This event led to democratic elections and U.S. diplomatic recognition. The 2001 edition of the Factbook thus referred to the state as Yugoslavia. [50] On March 14, 2002, an agreement was signed to transform the FRY into a loose state union called Serbia and Montenegro; [51] it took effect on February 4, 2003. [52] The name of the Yugoslavia entity was altered in the Factbook the month after the change. [53]

    Kosovo On February 28, 2008, the CIA added an entry for Kosovo; [54] before this, Kosovo was excluded in the Factbook. [19] The Kosovo declaration of independence is disputed by Serbia, [55] which continues to regard Kosovo as its own territory, and other countries. East Timor/Timor-Leste On July 19, 2007, the entry for East Timor was renamed Timor-Leste following a decision of the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). [56]

    Before 1998, the United Kingdom profile contained a sentence that asserted the UK had gained independence on 1 January 1801. [57] This terse, confusing description in reference to the Act of Union 1801 has since been greatly expanded. [58]

    ISBN numbers

    This is a list of International Standard Book Numbers (ISBNs) for the Government edition [59] of The World Factbook. ISBNs for the Potomac Books and Skyhorse Publishing reprints of the Factbook are noted as well. For the reprint editions, the year of the data is in parentheses.

    This article contains material from the CIA World Factbook which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain.

    HRI: Southeast European Factbook and Survey 1996-1997

    Combined Resources for Effective Policy Making Southeast European Factbook and Survey 1996-1997

    Southeast European Factbook & Survey 1996-97 jointly published by the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP), Athens, Greece, and the Hellenic Resources Institute (HRI), Cambridge, USA.

    We live in a world of change full of risks and opportunities. The simplicity of the East-West confrontation has given way to the complexity created by the contending forces of integration and fragmentation, nationalism and interdependence. Much of the European and global security is currently being negotiated in Southeastern Europe and Russia's "near abroad" where these forces have collided most violently. The present cooperative effort between the Hellenic Foundation for Foreign and European Policy (ELIAMEP) and the Hellenic Resources Institute (HRI) aims to provide some much needed insights on the most recent developments in the area.

    HRI is a non-profit organization based in Boston and dedicated to the promotion of informed public policies. We hope that this factbook does exactly that. It helps the policy-maker, analyst, businessman and general public to make some sense out of a very perplexing reality.

    About the Book. It is a 400-page publication with extensive surveys and detailed statistical profiles of the 17 countries of the Balkans and the Black Sea region (Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, FYROMacedonia, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Fomania, Russia, Slovenia, Turkey, Ukraine and Yugoslavia). A Special Section on the Caspian Oil and the Dayton Peace Process is also included. The book provides updated information about the countries and it is a useful supplement for the study of the region.

    Price. $20.00 per copy plus shipping and handling: $3.50 for first copy, $0.75 for each additional copy.

    Purchasing orders should be directed to :

    Hellenic Resources Institute

    P.O. Box 380912

    Cambridge, MA 02238 USA

    or, via electronic mail to:

    The table of contents is as follows :

    CIA World Factbook 2013

    iSilo™ library | information | download CIA World Factbook 2013

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